Monthly Archives: April 2014
This year the majority of the world’s leading manufacturers to bring to market for new air conditioners , eco friendly , refrigerant R32. So , Daikin this spring released refrigerant R32 version of its top-end air conditioner – Ururu Sarara ( air conditioner Daikin Ururu Sarara R32 is already sold in Europe and managed to win the prestigious Red Dot 2013 ) . The world’s largest manufacturer of climatic equipment company Gree, began selling household split systems not only refrigerant R32, but also not afraid to market a version of the refrigerant R290 ( propane) . Conditioners on their R32 released of Fujitsu General, Hitachi and Panasonic ( sold only in the Japanese market ) . Even the company of “second tier” like Midea and Haier, have kept up with the leaders and summer in China began test delivery systems for R32.
What are the advantages of refrigerant R32? First of all, in its ecology – its impact on the ozone layer and global warming is set to almost zero . The new refrigerant is fully consistent with very strict standards which will be applied in the European Union since 2018. Hence, a natural desire to advance leaders break in new technologies is still at a fairly expensive models and 2018 massively introduce their models budget price range. Besides, the new refrigerant a huge potential for creating high air conditioners. Below in Table 1 , we present the energy efficiency of air conditioners on the coefficients R32 ( comparison models 2.5 kW ) . Continue reading
Second law of thermodynamics states: ” The heat spontaneously moves from hotter bodies to bodies less heated .” Is it possible to force the heat to move in the opposite direction ? Yes, but in this case, additional costs of energy ( work) .
Systems which heat is transferred in the reverse direction is often called heat pumps. The heat pump can be a vapor compression refrigeration system , which consists of the following major components : compressor, condenser , expansion valve and evaporator. Gaseous refrigerant enters the compressor inlet . The compressor compresses the gas , with its pressure and temperature increase (universal gas law Mendeleev – Clapeyron ) . Hot gas is fed into the heat exchanger , called a condenser, where it is cooled , transferring its heat to water or air , and condenses – passes into a liquid state. Next, at high pressure fluid path set expansion valve reduces the pressure of the refrigerant. The compressor and the expansion valve closed hydraulic circuit divide into two parts: the high pressure side and the low pressure side . Passing through the expansion valve portion of the liquid evaporates and the temperature of the stream decreases. Continue reading
Unlike conventional heating systems based on the combustion of gas or liquid fuel , as well as direct transformation of electric energy into thermal energy in the heat pump is not consumed to produce heat , but only its transfer from the external environment . That’s what makes these systems an attractive solution for space heating and hot water at sites with limited energy resources.
Heat pumps ” Ekodan ” manufactured by Mitsubishi Electric, intended for individual heating and hot water town houses and similar buildings that do not have access to such a relatively cheap energy sources such as gas and liquid fuels , as well as substantially limited in the electrical power input .
Maximum heat output of a system of ” Ekodan ” is 14 kW, which is commensurate with modern heat loss of individual country houses. To increase the power provided an opportunity to cascade systems.
Heat pump ” Ekodan ” consists of two units : the outdoor unit , which is largely similar to the outdoor unit air conditioner, and indoor unit – hydronic heating water performing . Units are equipped with all the necessary control devices , control and regulation . Installation of such a system is no different from conventional air conditioning installation – cope with it any HVAC company . Excludes complex design heating and DHW system of separate components: a hydronic distribution system simply connects to the sanitary water use , as well as forward and reverse heating pipes . Continue reading
According to the normative literature containing sanitary requirements for residential buildings , they should be provided with ventilation natural impulse . These are the most well-known all exhaust grilles in the kitchen, bathrooms and bathroom. A compensation exhaust air usually provide by entering the room apartment outside air through gaps in window openings , through open windows or skylights . There is such a thing as the outside air infiltration – the influx of outside air seeping through cracks external protections under the influence of wind and gravity. The beauty of this solution is that the optimal size of the window openings leaks and power headroom heating system we get a natural flow of fresh air , rich in oxygen , without additional construction and money.
In the calculations of ventilation in residential buildings sanitary norm of fresh air for each person in the room is usually considered 60 m3 / h per person or 3 m3 per 1 m2 of living space . Continue reading
This article we begin a series of articles devoted to the use of HVAC equipment for heating and domestic hot water (DHW) .
On our domestic market climate in the eyes of consumers conditioned firmly established reputation devices that buy solely for cooling the indoor air . The function of heating, and in rare cases it is regarded as more . However, around the world related to modern split- systems is quite another . In some countries , such as Britain, Norway, Sweden , Germany and others, the majority of purchases of air conditioners is made mainly due to the heating function . Modern split – systems operating in heat pump mode (Heat Pump), can work not only for heating the air in the room , but also used in the heating system for hot water .
In this article we will try to simple language accessible to the consumer in the form of talk about the use of air conditioners for heating . We will not go into technically sophisticated consumer jungle describe heat pumps , and in a simple manner try to convey to him the story about the pitfalls that exist in the field of application of air conditioners, as well as the principles of selection models. We hope that this article will be useful to buyers , and they will be happy with the choice that will make after reading this article .
Reversible operation mode Continue reading